Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetes can lead to the cause of other ocular diseases such as Glaucoma, Cataracts and Diabetic Retinopathy. Diabetes is one of the leading causes of blindness in individuals under the age of 65.

Diabetic Retinopathy is when there are changes to the Retina that have occured over time. It usually occurs when there is a weakening or swelling of the tiny blood vessels in the Retina. This can result in blood leakage, decreased circulation in the blood vessels and blocked/closed blood vessels which can cause parts of the Retina to die. 

With early detection and treatment it can reduce the risk of vision loss from Diabetic Retinopathy by 95%. To prevent it, it is important to control diabetes to lower the risk. 

Symptoms

  • Blurry or hazy vision​

  • Difficult seeing at night​

  • Light sensitivity​

  • Seeing halos around lights​

  • Feels like there is a film layered over your eye but blinking does not help.

Risk Factors

  • 60 years of age and older.​

  • UV Light exposure​

  • Inheritance/ Genetics​

  • Eye trauma​

  • Steroid medication

Treatment

Diabetes can definitely be treated and prevented. With an annual Full Comprehensive Eye Exam and a Dilation Eye Exam with your Optometrist, they are able to diagnose and monitor the condition. However, once damage has already occured  it can not be restored. 

If necessary, the Optometrist can refer you to a specialized Ophthalmologist who may treat this conditions with intraocular injections, vitrectomy or laser surgery.​