Glaucoma

Glaucoma is an ocular disease that causes progressive damage to the Optic Nerve. It is caused by having built up pressure within the eye. This condition is one of Canada's leading cause of vision loss and blindness.

Glaucoma is caused by the eye not being able to properly drain fluid that flow in and out of the walls of the eye. Too much fluid in the eye causes pressure build up to press against the Optic Nerve. The Optic Nerve is what transmits images to the brain to be able to visualize everything.

This ocular disease can occur in anyone, however it is commonly seen in individuals 40 years of age and older.

This condition can be left undetected and can develop gradually with no pain, no early warning signs or noticeable symptoms. Without treatment or an annual Full Comprehensive Eye Exam, it can result in permanent vision lost and once that occurs, vision can not be restored. 

Types of Glaucoma

  • Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma
     

  • Angle-Closure Glaucoma
     

  • Secondary Glaucoma
     

  • Normal Tension Glaucoma

Risk Factors

  • 40 years of age and older.​
     

  • High/Low Blood Pressure
     

  • Inheritance/ Genetics​
     

  • Diabetes
     

  • Eye Truama
     

  • Smoking

Treatment

When diagnosed early, Glaucoma can be monitored by your Optometrist. It can also be treated by prescribed eye drops or oral medication, laser/filler surgery or drain implants.​

It is highly recommended to be monitored and screened for Glaucoma by an Optometrist every year. The types of tests to monitor this condition include but not limited too: Full Comprehensive Eye Exam, Dilation Eye Exam, Visual Field Test, OCT Imaging.