Age-Related Macular Degeneration

AMD is an ocular condition which effects the most central part of your vision. The Macula is responsible for the detailed central vision such as: reading, driving and recognizing peoples faces. As it effects your most central vision it leaves your peripheral vision unaffected. It is most common in old age and commonly seen in adults over of 55. 

There are two different types of AMD: dry and wet. The most common form is dry, which gradually develops slower over time. As the wet form develops more rapidly due to leakage of weak blood vessels. Patients with central vision lost don't experience any pain.

Although there is no treatment or surgery to restore the lost of the central vision to its normal state, Optometry Doctors will prescribe vision aids to maximize the clarity of vision to the areas that have no been affected. 


  • Blurry central vision​

  • Straight Lines look wavy or distorted

  • Dark spots may blank out portions of the central vision.​


Risk Factors

  • Age (55 years and older)

  • Inheritance (Genetics)

  • UV Light exposure

  • Smoking

  • High blood pressure


Annual Full Eye Exams will detect AMD early to make changes in your daily activities and routine to help slow the development. 

Dry and wet AMD can be treated with ocular vitamin supplements and lifestyle modifications such as exercise and wearing UV ray protective sunglasses. These vitamins will not restore vision that has already been lost or stop the progression. 


Wet AMD may be treated with medications injected into the eye to stop blood vessels from leaking. This will not restore vision that has already been lost or stop AMD from occuring, but to slow the development.